Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is the test which aims at measuring the English language skills of non-native speakers who wish for getting admissions into English speaking universities. TOEFL Exam is developed and administered by Educational Testing Service (ETS). TOEFL Exam Syllabus is provided below in detail.
TOEFL Exam Syllabus:
TOEFL Exam aims at measuring the Reading, Listening, Speaking, Writing skills of the candidate. The candidates who are willing to take TOEFL Exam should be good in all the skills. The candidate should be able to respond to the questions and perform the task given. They must read & listen to the passage and then speak. They must listen to the passage and then respond to the questions. They must read & listen before writing the response.
The four sections in TOEFL Exam Syllabus are:
- Reading: This section contains 3-5 passages each approximately 700 words in length. The passages are based on academic topics. 12-14 questions will be given based on each passage. To answer those questions candidates need to understand the ideas, details and rhetorical functions (such as cause-effect, compare-contrast, and argumentation) of the passage.
- Listening: This section consists of 6 passages. These passages include the short conversations of two people. Candidates should listen to the passage very carefully because the passage is heard only once. Each passage is 3-5 minutes of length. After listening to the conversation 5-6 questions should be answered. This section measures the ability of the candidate in understanding the main ideas, details, relationship between the ideas, implications, speaker purpose, and speaker attitude.
- Speaking: This section consists of 2 independent and 4 integrated tasks. In independent tasks, the candidates should answer opinion questions on familiar topics. In four integrated tasks, candidates should listen to the academic course lecture or conversation about campus life and respond to the question heard. Candidates are evaluated on their ability to speak and convey their ideas clearly. Candidates can take notes as they listen and read. This notes can be helpful while responding to the questions. The responses are digitally recorded and sent to ETS.
- Writing: This section consists of two tasks, one is independent and another one is an integrated task. In integrated task, candidates must read the passage and then listen to the speaker. They must write a summary of the listening passage and must explain how these points are related to the reading passage. In independent task, candidates must write an essay stating their opinion/views on a topic and then they must also explain it instead of simply listing their choices.
The time duration of TOEFL Exam is 4 and 1/2 hours. The time duration may vary for Paper-based test. The Pattern for TOEFL is as follows.
|TASK||TIME||NO. OF QUESTIONS||DESCRIPTION|
|Reading||60-80 minutes||36-56 questions||Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions.|
|Listening||60-90 minutes||34-51 questions||Listen to lectures, classroom discussions, and conversations, then answer questions.|
|Speaking||20 minutes||6 tasks||Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks.|
|Writing||50 minutes||2 tasks||Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing.|
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